Soil Food Web Gardening

While it may be old news for organic gardeners, with writers like Elaine Ingham championing soil food web gardening since the late nineties and the more recent success of Jeff Lowenfels’ highly influential book ‘Teaming With Microbes’, this approach has recently been catching on with organic cannabis growers who are being won over by the vigorous vegetative growth, increased plant health and more importantly, many claim increased yield and terpene production in their flowers!

The term ‘Soil Food Web’ was coined by Elaine Ingham and refers to the relationships between the many and diverse species of organisms found living in soil. A balanced, well functioning soil food web is vital for healthy plants – most gardeners are familiar with the physical and chemical aspects of soil science – taking care to provide the plants with the correct soil type/texture and with adequate nutrition, but are often unaware of the equally important role played by soil biology in a healthy, vibrant garden – it’s all too easy to focus on the activity and growth above ground to the exclusion of everything else, but in doing so we risk ignoring the vital interactions taking place out of sight below the ground in unbelievable numbers.

Classic Line CBD strains from Philosopher Seeds

Heaven’s Fruit is one of the strains developed using the Tropimango parent. Indeed, it is a cross between Tropimango and New York City Diesel. This balanced hybrid (60% Sativa – 40% Indica) is resistant to pests but a bit sensitive to low temperatures. It is ready to harvest in just 9 weeks, and its taste is complex: diesel, earthy and slightly acid. The effect is very pleasant and stimulating, mainly Sativa. Most Heaven’s Fruit phenotypes show high CBD content.

Fruity Jack / Jack el Frutero is a Respect#13 x Jack the Ripper#1 hybrid, a mostly Sativa cross that needs 9-10 weeks to be fully ripe. The taste is complex and delicious, a subtle blend of Haze and ripe fruit notes, while the effect is deeply relaxing. THC:CBD ratio is around 2:1, with plenty of individuals containing 19%THC and 11%CBD.

On the other hand, they used their Tropimango male and the renowned Juanita la Lagrimosa to develop Sweet Love, a perfect plant for using the SOG technique which is ready to harvest in just 8-9 weeks. The taste is sweet and creamy, absolutely delicious after proper curing. With 1,5:1 THC:CBD ratio (16%THC – 11%CBD) Sweet Love was awarded best strain to relieve pain byBESFES Growmed 2013.

Another strain with high CBD content in the majority of individuals is Spicy CBD / SuperJuani, a hybrid developed by crossingRespect#15 and Juanita la Lagrimosa. Its growth pattern is mainly Sativa, with a considerable stretch during the first weeks of bloom, which takes around 65-70 days. The smell and taste are reminiscent of Haze, with spicy undertones. The effect induces a strong feeling of wellness in both body and mind.

How to water cannabis plants in hydroponic systems ?

How to irrigate cannabis in hydroponic systems?

Marijuana is a plant that adapts very well to changes, we can choose any of the different growing media on the market to easily grow it. The most common methods of cultivation are; soil andhydroponic systems – an inert substrate like coco coir, clay pebbles, rock wool or mapito – without forgetting the aeroponic systems, a growing method which is now increasingly used.

Between the different hydroponic and aeroponic growing systems we can find clear differences among the used substrates, although they are all inert. We will have to keep in mind all these differences when setting up our growroom. The fertilisation or fertirrigation in hydroponic systems will vary depending on the chosen system. Then, how to know what is the best way to fertilise our plants according to each system?

We’ll start discussing each substrate separately and analyzing their virtues and faults, so that each grower can easily choose between his/her favourite hydroponic growing system and understand its functioning, advantages and disadvantages.

The SCROG cannabis growing system

Growing marijuana with the SCROG method

To use this method we only need from 1 to 5 cannabis plants for each m2 of crop. At the end of the flowering stage, the result will be the same regardless the number of plants, since we’ll get exactly the same yields using one, three or five plants. The only thing that may vary is the time needed to harvest our plants.

To make a SCROG setup we place a screen or mesh (preferably made of 6/8mm diam. bamboo sticks) with 5-10cm holes approximately 20cm above the pots. As plants grow, we train their branches using the mesh to control their height, always leaving the tops at the same height than the mesh. This way, the apical growth of the plant decreases in favour of horizontal growth, developing more branched plants.

This process should be carried on until 70% of the available space is covered, what will highly depend on the chosen strain. Now we only have to change the growing photoperiod (18/6) to flowering (12/12). During the first days, our plants will continue growing and stretching, what allows the plant to fully occupy the growing space. During the entire blooming phase all our flowers will be at the same distance from the lamp, what produces first quality harvests of first quality buds, homogeneous and almost identical.

How to get rid of Thrips in cannabis plants

How to get rid of Thrips in cannabis plants

What are Thrips?

Thrips are one of the most common pests in cannabis crops, especially in indoor growing spaces and greenhouses. These are one of the smallest winged insects, measuring 1.2mm (females) and 0.9mm (males) when adults. Eggs measure around 200 microns and are withish in colour, being layed in the plant tissues. Normally, thrips are found on the underside of the leaves.

There are many varieties of Thrips, being the Frankliniella Occidentalis – also known as western flower thrips – the most commonly found in cannabis plants.

The western flowers thrip is originary from California and was introduced in La Península (Almería) in 1986 from Holland, causing considerable damage to cotton crops. Today, it is one of the most common pests worlwide, since it can damage a large number of plant species.

Thrips in indoor cannabis crops

While not being extremely agressive with plants, thrip pests are common in indoor growing tents or rooms. As happens with red spider mites, thrips need high temperatures to appear and can be persistent if not treated properly. The first signs are small silver dots/stains on the surface of the leaves, which are the places were thrips have bit or layed their eggs.

How to control Whiteflies on marijuana plants

How to control Whiteflies on marijuana plants

What’s the Whitefly?

Whiteflies are homipteran insects of the Aleyrodidae genus that attack many types of cultivated plants, including cannabis crops. These flies are about 2 mm in length and have whitish appearance, with a pair of wings that serve as displacement method. They’re usually found on the underside of the leaves (where they also lay their eggs, as we’re going to see later) and, like other sucking insects such as Aphids or Mealybugs, they feed on sucking the sap of the plants.

Their body consists of three parts: head, thorax and abdomen. As other insects, they’ve six legs and also a pair of white wings. As already mentioned, they’vebiting-sucking mouth parts thanks to which they can feed on the sap of young leaves and tissues.

Reproduction of the Whitefly

This insect reproduces through eggs, which it lays on the underside of the leaves in a quantity of 180-200 in each egg laying. These eggs are almost microscopic, of oval-pyramidal shape and have a yellowish-white colour. They’ve usually four generations a year (one generation is the duration of the insect’s life-cycle from the egg until it dies like adult) depending on climatic conditions and hygiene, although in the greenhouse they can have up to ten per year, turning so into a serious pest.

Medical Marijuana Information

Medical Marijuana Information

Medical Marijuana Treatment Uses

Medical marijuana or medical cannabis refers to the use of marijuana as a doctor-prescribed remedy to reduce the pain or discomfort associated with several health conditions or to decrease the negative side effects of some customary medical therapies.

Medical marijuana is chosen for a range of afflictions and conditions. A couple of these feature: Reducing queasiness and vomiting, increasing appetite in chemotherapy and also AIDS patients, reducing eye tension in glaucoma patients, managing chronic pain and gastrointestinal conditions in patients. Research also indicates that many of the substances in marijuana may have beneficial qualities for patients suffering from other conditions, for example, multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer’s disease, breast cancer, brain cancer, Lou Gehrig’s disease, insomnia, and even asthma.

Marijuana consists of nearly 500 compounds, of which about 80+ are used for medicine and science. The following are some compounds thatare used in medicine.

– Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the chemical that produces its psychedelic effects. This particular chemical has been shown to also be a moderate pain reducer, sleep inducer, and as an antioxidant.

– Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the principle compounds used for medical cannabis. CBD has been shown to decrease convulsions, swelling, anxiety, cough, congestion, and nausea or vomiting. It has also been proven to hinder cancer cell growth.

– Cannabinol (CBN) is proven to also repress the spreading of cancer cells.

– Β-caryophyllene is used to help decrease inflammation.

– Cannabigerol is used in the treatment of glaucoma because it lightens intraocular pressure of the eye.

The laws concerning medical marijuana differ from state to state. They vary from the amount of cannabis a person is allowed to have, to the expense to acquire a medical cannabis ID card as well as to the guidelines for proof of residency for a person to receive a medical prescription.

Although public opinion on medical marijuana has transformed tremendously over the last 20 years, resistance to the prescription continues to be strong. One of the biggest misconceptions is that medical marijuana has to be smoked. In reality, medical cannabis is frequently administered to patients in different methods, including inhalers, pills, and even edible baked products. These methods have been shown to be healthier and sometimes more effective in relieving patients’ pain or discomfort.

Growing Medical Cannabis Seeds

Growing Medical Cannabis Seeds

Ways to Grow Medical Marijuana

There certainly are various techniques that can be used to grow medical cannabis seeds; however this method has already been proven to perform time after time.

Fill up a little glass (1.5 ounce size) 3/4 with water and include a half a cap filled with hydrogen peroxide. Doing this helps open up the shells as well as improve germination rates. Place your seeds in the glass and tap the seeds so they go below the water a few times. This ensures that the seeds are wet on the entire husk. Leave the seeds in the cup for 24 to 48 hours and afterwards give them a tap and watch if they settle to the bottom. If they settle to the bottom, this signifies that the seeds are simply ready for the second step. If they are still staying afloat, give them a tap and allow them to soak until they too go down to the bottom.

In the next step, you will need a re-sealable plastic bag or a plastic container which can be closed to place the seeds in whenever they are ready. Take a 1/4 part of paper towel and saturate it. Squeeze the excess water off and place the seeds in a line in the middle. Simply fold up the paper towel over a several times and then put that in the bag or container you will be utilizing. Now you need to make sure they have a little warmth. This can be done several ways. You can put the bag or container on a cable box, TV or anything that gives off above room temp heat however never hot temps. Leave it alone for 2-4 days. You are seeking something that can help keep the seeds warm and in a suitable environment to develop.

You want to inspect the seeds every day to ensure that the paper towel stays wet but not drenched. The seeds necessitate moisture but cannot be drenched with water or mold and mildew can easily occur. After 24 hrs several of the seeds will start developing their taproots. When a seed has grown around 1/4″ to 1/2″, you can at that point put them exactly where you plan to grow the plant.

This particular proven strategy will enable you to maintain a greater proportion of your medical marijuana seeds to germinate. This approach is actually far better than just planting a seed in the soil and hoping for the best. This is used by medical marijuana producers above most others thanks to its amazing results.

Quick Tips for Indoor Marijuana Growing

Quick Tips for Indoor Marijuana Growing

How to Grow Marijuana Indoors

Medical and private use cannabis is legal in many states in the United States. For those who can grow cannabis legally, it is essential that you learn the techniques of growing and cultivating marijuana. Below is a quick cannabis growing guide that can help you understand the method a little better.

The first step is selecting a room where you intend to grow your plants. Some ideal places include basements, closets as well as attics. Regardless of which indoor spot you select, make sure that it has accessibility to power outlets. You will have to grow your plant in a pot or a container. Always be sure that you use large plastic containers.

If you choose to grow the plant indoors, you must know that there is not enough sunlight. Since marijuana plants necessitate a lot of direct sunlight in order to develop successfully, you can use artificial lighting to provide your plant all the light it will need to grow. A few very good options include fluorescent lights, metal halide lights and high pressure sodium lights.

Bear in mind the factors that will impact the rate of photosynthesis, apart from the amount of light getting to the plants. These include moisture, temperature level, carbon dioxide, water, etc.

The very best period to harvest is when the plants have actually started blooming. You must wait for the flowering step to finalize. Cutback the plants, remove the lower big leaves and now they are all set to dry out. You can put the plants in boxes and mix them around every day in order to help them dry faster. There are also other methods that can be used to dry out the plants. When the plants have dried out thoroughly, they are all set for use.

Male & Female Marijuana Plants

How to Identify Female and Male Marijuana Plants

How to Identify Female and Male Marijuana Plants

The gender of a marijuana plant can be determined during its life cycle. The periods are brief, so figuring out the difference is often times daunting. Distinguishing the gender of a marijuana plant is extremely important to successful propagation and cultivation of the plants. It is important so that they are able to be separated at the appropriate times for the intention of cultivation. Monitoring the entire cycle of a crop lets you to identify the sex at each of these phases for identification with the next crop.

Observe the pattern of leaf in each plant of the crop. The plant expands to 40 inches, and then produces subsequent nodes on the original stalk. The first sign of the gender is noticeable whenever the leaves start to bud at these nodules. Female plants have considerably more branching and leaf growth compared to their male equivalents, which possess just a couple of leaves in a random pattern. Establishing the plant’s sex at this initial stage enables you to separate male from female plants and guarantee that the crop does not go to seed.

Pay attention to the form of the flowers when they bloom. This is the period in which the gender difference is most clear. Male plants develop snug bunches of spherical blossoms, while female plants create angular blossoms that are blanketed in patches of fine white hairs.

Once the plants blossom, watch the habits of the plants. They appear the same until they produce their flower. In this phase, the male plants usually become yellow and inevitably die. Right before they begin to change color, the male plants may be collected for their fiber. On the other hand, the female plants remain green for about a month after they produce their flower. In this moment is when the seed ripens.