Starting an Indoor Cannabis Garden

Starting an Indoor Cannabis Garden

Growing cannabis plants isn’t simply like growing any other kind of plant. It requires careful preparation with the right equipment in order for the seeds to grow and prosper into healthy strong plants.

You must first decide if you want a soil based garden or a hydroponic system for your indoor plants.  The next step is to recognize some of the tools and equipment that is typically needed by cannabis farmers to properly tend and grow their plants in a healthy and balanced way.

An indoor garden can be a simple setup such as hanging some wires and installing hooks. There are also more complex gardens that have separation rooms for growing a specific type of plant that prevents contamination from each other. Make sure you consider what type of room you want and what size garden you want.

Air temperature and circulation is essential in an indoor cannabis garden. Exhaust fans are an efficient means of maintaining the cool air in and the warm air out. They let the temperature level to be lowered in the grow area and they also provide fresh air and circulation to the plants.

Lighting fixtures are essential in every indoor garden. The lights that you need will depend on the number of plants that you have, as well as how big the garden is. A factor to consider is the cost. The recommended lights for an indoor cannabis garden are the ones that have hoods and ballasts, and that are capable of switching between high pressure and low. As a precaution, always use a surge protector. To properly use your grow lights, the room needs to have a lot of reflection, allowing the light to bounce. Using Mylar is the best product choice for this, but if you want to save money, you can simply use aluminum foil.

As any farmer knows, pests are very annoying and irritating to deal with. An insect infiltration can quickly destroy your plants and ruin all of your hard work. It is best to find an organic pesticide to use and stay with the same product to ensure that it is not too much for your plants.

With a little research and determination, you can have your own indoor cannabis garden.

Separating Male and Female Plants

Separating Male and Female Plants

It is possible to learn the sex of a plant early, so you can move the male plants out sooner, by covering the lower branch of the plant for 12 hrs. a day while it is in a continuous light vegetative state. Use a black bag or dark material to keep the light out, but still allowing the air to flow. If light is able to reach them throughout the dark phase, they may not show early at all.

Take a magnifying glass and look carefully at the early blossoms. A male plant will have a little club-like looking pre-flower with a tiny stem under it. A female plant is generally a single or double pistil, white and slender, arising from an immature calyx.

Many growers that cultivate their plants outdoors don’t want to dedicate the time and energy to male plants. All of the plants are placed on a 12 hr. light cycle for 2 weeks and then the male plants are separated from the females. The light cycle is reverted back to 8-24 hours to continue the vegetative growth for the female plants.

Alleviating Skin Problems with Cannabis

Alleviating Skin Problems with Cannabis

Whether it is skin problems or even eczema, the desire for healthy and clear skin can leave you upset and frustrated. There are hundreds of creams, face washes, prescription ointments and even pills available for skin care.  For many, nothing seems to work! For those who have exhausted all conventional methods, or for those who simply want a plant-based natural solution, Cannabis may be your skin care answer.

Alleviating Skin Problems with Cannabis

Cannabis possesses  many skin-healing benefits. It contains identified and verified anti-inflammatory, anti-aging and antioxidant properties. In addition, Hemp seed oil also contains omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids, which offer moisture and sun protection. However, when it comes to any skin care, topical solutions are prefered. Any kind of smoke, no matter the source, is never good for the skin. It is advised to forego smoking altogether in exchange for vaporizing or edibles. For targeted treatment, there is a range of topical products to consider trying. Hemp oil and Cannabis-derived CBD oil are gaining popularity for skin care, as more research becomes available about the amazing benefits and results they have.

Soil Food Web Gardening

While it may be old news for organic gardeners, with writers like Elaine Ingham championing soil food web gardening since the late nineties and the more recent success of Jeff Lowenfels’ highly influential book ‘Teaming With Microbes’, this approach has recently been catching on with organic cannabis growers who are being won over by the vigorous vegetative growth, increased plant health and more importantly, many claim increased yield and terpene production in their flowers!

The term ‘Soil Food Web’ was coined by Elaine Ingham and refers to the relationships between the many and diverse species of organisms found living in soil. A balanced, well functioning soil food web is vital for healthy plants – most gardeners are familiar with the physical and chemical aspects of soil science – taking care to provide the plants with the correct soil type/texture and with adequate nutrition, but are often unaware of the equally important role played by soil biology in a healthy, vibrant garden – it’s all too easy to focus on the activity and growth above ground to the exclusion of everything else, but in doing so we risk ignoring the vital interactions taking place out of sight below the ground in unbelievable numbers.

Classic Line CBD strains from Philosopher Seeds

Heaven’s Fruit is one of the strains developed using the Tropimango parent. Indeed, it is a cross between Tropimango and New York City Diesel. This balanced hybrid (60% Sativa – 40% Indica) is resistant to pests but a bit sensitive to low temperatures. It is ready to harvest in just 9 weeks, and its taste is complex: diesel, earthy and slightly acid. The effect is very pleasant and stimulating, mainly Sativa. Most Heaven’s Fruit phenotypes show high CBD content.

Fruity Jack / Jack el Frutero is a Respect#13 x Jack the Ripper#1 hybrid, a mostly Sativa cross that needs 9-10 weeks to be fully ripe. The taste is complex and delicious, a subtle blend of Haze and ripe fruit notes, while the effect is deeply relaxing. THC:CBD ratio is around 2:1, with plenty of individuals containing 19%THC and 11%CBD.

On the other hand, they used their Tropimango male and the renowned Juanita la Lagrimosa to develop Sweet Love, a perfect plant for using the SOG technique which is ready to harvest in just 8-9 weeks. The taste is sweet and creamy, absolutely delicious after proper curing. With 1,5:1 THC:CBD ratio (16%THC – 11%CBD) Sweet Love was awarded best strain to relieve pain byBESFES Growmed 2013.

Another strain with high CBD content in the majority of individuals is Spicy CBD / SuperJuani, a hybrid developed by crossingRespect#15 and Juanita la Lagrimosa. Its growth pattern is mainly Sativa, with a considerable stretch during the first weeks of bloom, which takes around 65-70 days. The smell and taste are reminiscent of Haze, with spicy undertones. The effect induces a strong feeling of wellness in both body and mind.

How to water cannabis plants in hydroponic systems ?

How to irrigate cannabis in hydroponic systems?

Marijuana is a plant that adapts very well to changes, we can choose any of the different growing media on the market to easily grow it. The most common methods of cultivation are; soil andhydroponic systems – an inert substrate like coco coir, clay pebbles, rock wool or mapito – without forgetting the aeroponic systems, a growing method which is now increasingly used.

Between the different hydroponic and aeroponic growing systems we can find clear differences among the used substrates, although they are all inert. We will have to keep in mind all these differences when setting up our growroom. The fertilisation or fertirrigation in hydroponic systems will vary depending on the chosen system. Then, how to know what is the best way to fertilise our plants according to each system?

We’ll start discussing each substrate separately and analyzing their virtues and faults, so that each grower can easily choose between his/her favourite hydroponic growing system and understand its functioning, advantages and disadvantages.

The SCROG cannabis growing system

Growing marijuana with the SCROG method

To use this method we only need from 1 to 5 cannabis plants for each m2 of crop. At the end of the flowering stage, the result will be the same regardless the number of plants, since we’ll get exactly the same yields using one, three or five plants. The only thing that may vary is the time needed to harvest our plants.

To make a SCROG setup we place a screen or mesh (preferably made of 6/8mm diam. bamboo sticks) with 5-10cm holes approximately 20cm above the pots. As plants grow, we train their branches using the mesh to control their height, always leaving the tops at the same height than the mesh. This way, the apical growth of the plant decreases in favour of horizontal growth, developing more branched plants.

This process should be carried on until 70% of the available space is covered, what will highly depend on the chosen strain. Now we only have to change the growing photoperiod (18/6) to flowering (12/12). During the first days, our plants will continue growing and stretching, what allows the plant to fully occupy the growing space. During the entire blooming phase all our flowers will be at the same distance from the lamp, what produces first quality harvests of first quality buds, homogeneous and almost identical.

How to get rid of Thrips in cannabis plants

How to get rid of Thrips in cannabis plants

What are Thrips?

Thrips are one of the most common pests in cannabis crops, especially in indoor growing spaces and greenhouses. These are one of the smallest winged insects, measuring 1.2mm (females) and 0.9mm (males) when adults. Eggs measure around 200 microns and are withish in colour, being layed in the plant tissues. Normally, thrips are found on the underside of the leaves.

There are many varieties of Thrips, being the Frankliniella Occidentalis – also known as western flower thrips – the most commonly found in cannabis plants.

The western flowers thrip is originary from California and was introduced in La Península (Almería) in 1986 from Holland, causing considerable damage to cotton crops. Today, it is one of the most common pests worlwide, since it can damage a large number of plant species.

Thrips in indoor cannabis crops

While not being extremely agressive with plants, thrip pests are common in indoor growing tents or rooms. As happens with red spider mites, thrips need high temperatures to appear and can be persistent if not treated properly. The first signs are small silver dots/stains on the surface of the leaves, which are the places were thrips have bit or layed their eggs.

How to control Whiteflies on marijuana plants

How to control Whiteflies on marijuana plants

What’s the Whitefly?

Whiteflies are homipteran insects of the Aleyrodidae genus that attack many types of cultivated plants, including cannabis crops. These flies are about 2 mm in length and have whitish appearance, with a pair of wings that serve as displacement method. They’re usually found on the underside of the leaves (where they also lay their eggs, as we’re going to see later) and, like other sucking insects such as Aphids or Mealybugs, they feed on sucking the sap of the plants.

Their body consists of three parts: head, thorax and abdomen. As other insects, they’ve six legs and also a pair of white wings. As already mentioned, they’vebiting-sucking mouth parts thanks to which they can feed on the sap of young leaves and tissues.

Reproduction of the Whitefly

This insect reproduces through eggs, which it lays on the underside of the leaves in a quantity of 180-200 in each egg laying. These eggs are almost microscopic, of oval-pyramidal shape and have a yellowish-white colour. They’ve usually four generations a year (one generation is the duration of the insect’s life-cycle from the egg until it dies like adult) depending on climatic conditions and hygiene, although in the greenhouse they can have up to ten per year, turning so into a serious pest.

Medical Marijuana Information

Medical Marijuana Information

Medical Marijuana Treatment Uses

Medical marijuana or medical cannabis refers to the use of marijuana as a doctor-prescribed remedy to reduce the pain or discomfort associated with several health conditions or to decrease the negative side effects of some customary medical therapies.

Medical marijuana is chosen for a range of afflictions and conditions. A couple of these feature: Reducing queasiness and vomiting, increasing appetite in chemotherapy and also AIDS patients, reducing eye tension in glaucoma patients, managing chronic pain and gastrointestinal conditions in patients. Research also indicates that many of the substances in marijuana may have beneficial qualities for patients suffering from other conditions, for example, multiple sclerosis (MS), Alzheimer’s disease, breast cancer, brain cancer, Lou Gehrig’s disease, insomnia, and even asthma.

Marijuana consists of nearly 500 compounds, of which about 80+ are used for medicine and science. The following are some compounds thatare used in medicine.

– Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the chemical that produces its psychedelic effects. This particular chemical has been shown to also be a moderate pain reducer, sleep inducer, and as an antioxidant.

– Cannabidiol (CBD) is one of the principle compounds used for medical cannabis. CBD has been shown to decrease convulsions, swelling, anxiety, cough, congestion, and nausea or vomiting. It has also been proven to hinder cancer cell growth.

– Cannabinol (CBN) is proven to also repress the spreading of cancer cells.

– Β-caryophyllene is used to help decrease inflammation.

– Cannabigerol is used in the treatment of glaucoma because it lightens intraocular pressure of the eye.

The laws concerning medical marijuana differ from state to state. They vary from the amount of cannabis a person is allowed to have, to the expense to acquire a medical cannabis ID card as well as to the guidelines for proof of residency for a person to receive a medical prescription.

Although public opinion on medical marijuana has transformed tremendously over the last 20 years, resistance to the prescription continues to be strong. One of the biggest misconceptions is that medical marijuana has to be smoked. In reality, medical cannabis is frequently administered to patients in different methods, including inhalers, pills, and even edible baked products. These methods have been shown to be healthier and sometimes more effective in relieving patients’ pain or discomfort.